NAME
Test::Number::Delta - Compare if the difference between two numbers is
within a specified amount
SYNOPSIS
# Default tolerance
use Test::Number::Delta;
delta_ok( 1e-5, 2e-5, 'values within 1e-6'); # not ok
# Specific tolerance for a single test
delta_within( 1e-3, 2e-3, 1e-4, 'values within 1e-4'); not ok
# Set a different default tolerance
use Test::Number::Delta within => 1e-5;
delta_ok( 1e-5, 2e-5, 'values within 1e-5'); # ok
# Set a relative tolerance
use Test::Number::Delta relative => 1e-3;
delta_ok( 1.01, 1.0099, 'values within 1.01e-3'); # ok
DESCRIPTION
Most programmers at one time or another are confronted with the issue of
comparing floating-point numbers for equality. The typical idiom is to
test if the absolute value of the difference of the numbers is within a
desired tolerance, usually called epsilon. This module provides such a
function for use with Test::Harness. Usage is similar to other test
functions described in Test::More. Semantically, the "delta_within"
function replaces this kind of construct:
ok ( abs($p - $q) <= $epsilon, '$p is equal to $q' ) or
diag "$p is not equal to $q to within $epsilon";
While there's nothing wrong with that construct, it's a pain to type it
repeatedly in a test script. This module does the same thing with a
single function call. The "delta_ok" function is similar, but either
uses a global default value for epsilon so that it does not need to be
specified repeatedly or else calculates a 'relative' epsilon on the fly
so that epsilon is scaled automatically to the size of the arguments to
"delta_ok". Both functions are exported automatically.
USAGE
use Test::Number::Delta;
With no arguments, epsilon defaults to 1e-6. (An arbitrary choice on my
part.)
use Test::Number::Delta within => 1e-9;
To specify a different default value for epsilon, provide a "within"
parameter when importing the module.
use Test::Number::Delta relative => 1e-3;
As an alternative to using a fixed value for epsilon, provide a
"relative" parameter when importing the module. This signals that
"delta_ok" should test equality with an epsilon that is scaled to the
size of the arguments. Epsilon is calculated as the relative value times
the absolute value of the argument with the greatest magnitude.
Mathematically, for arguments 'x' and 'y':
epsilon = relative * max( abs(x), abs(y) )
For example, a relative value of "0.01" would mean that the arguments
are equal if they differ by no more than 1% of the larger of the two
values. A relative value of 1e-6 means that the arguments must differ by
no more than 1 millionth of the larger value.
Combining with a test plan
use Test::Number::Delta 'no_plan';
# or
use Test::Number::Delta within => 1e-9, tests => 1;
If a test plan has not already been specified, the optional parameter
for Test::Number::Delta may be followed with a test plan (see Test::More
for details). If a parameter for Test::Number::Delta is given, it must
come first.
FUNCTIONS
delta_within
delta_within( $p, $q, $epsilon, '$p and $q are equal within $epsilon' );
This test compares equality within a given value of epsilon. The test is
true if the absolute value of the difference between $p and $q is less
than or equal to epsilon. If the test is true, it prints an "OK"
statement for use in testing. If the test is not true, this function
prints a failure report and diagnostic.
delta_ok
delta_ok( $p, $q, '$p and $q are close enough to equal' );
This test compares equality using one of two pre-set approaches for
determining epsilon. (See "USAGE") If a "within" parameter was provided
during "use", that value is the default for epsilon. If a "relative"
parameter was provided, that value is multiplied by the larger absolute
value of the arguments to "delta_ok" to determine epsilon for that
comparison. If neither parameter was specified, the default epsilon is
1e-6.
The test is true if the absolute value of the difference between $p and
$q is less than or equal to epsilon. If the test is true, it prints an
"OK" statement for use in testing. If the test is not true, this
function prints a failure report and diagnostic.
SEE ALSO
Test::More, Test::Harness, Test::Builder
BUGS
Please report any bugs or feature using the CPAN Request Tracker. Bugs
can be submitted by email to "bug-Test-Number-Delta@rt.cpan.org" or
through the web interface at
When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch
to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.
AUTHOR
David A Golden (DAGOLDEN)
dagolden@cpan.org
COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2005 by David A. Golden
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.
The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included
with this module.
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